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法语中的虚假朋友

2019-07-25 法语 阅读

False friends in French
法语中的虚假朋友

 

 

False friends (faux amis in French) are words that look like their English equivalent, but in fact have a completely different meaning. You might think that by adopting a French accent, the same meaning is communicated; however, sometimes this leads to major cases of misunderstanding. There are many common false friends to watch for. Consider the following French words: monnaie /mɔ.nɛ/ which means change and NOT the money, librairie /li.bʁɛ.ʁi/ which is the bookshop and NOT library, coin /kwɛ̃/ which means corner and NOT the coin, attendre /a.tɑ̃dʁ/ which means to wait and NOT to attend, and location /lɔ.ka.sjɔ̃/ which means rental and NOT the location. These are all false friends.
So, next time you think of saying an English word with a French accent, make sure you’re not running the risk of using a false friend!
 
“虚假朋友False friends”(法语:faux amis)是和英语单词很相像,但实际上意思完全不同的法语单词。你可能以为法语中拼写和发音都与英语相似的单词,能和对应的英语词汇传达相同的意思,实际上,这样很容易造成误会,有许多“虚假朋友”词汇需要谨慎使用。比如法语单词: monnaie /mɔ.nɛ/,意思是改变(change), 而不是金钱(money); librairie /li.bʁɛ.ʁi/, 意思是书店(bookstore), 而不是图书馆(library); coin /kwɛ̃/并不是硬币(coin), 而是角落(corner); attendre /a.tɑ̃dʁ/意思是等待(to wait), 而不是参加(to attend), location /lɔ.ka.sjɔ̃/意思是租赁(rental), 而不是位置(loaction). 以上都是法语中的虚假朋友的例子。
所以,当你下次想说一个有对应相似英语单词的法语词汇时,请先确认它不是“虚假朋友”单词。
 
Here are some more examples:
下面是更多的例子:

French Word

Meaning

English False Friend

Meaning

Blessé (e) /ble.se/

wounded

Blessed

sacred

Pain \pɛ̃\

bread

Pain

ache

Introduire \ɛ̃.tʁɔ.dɥiʁ\

insert

Introduce

make known

Journée \ʒuʁ.ne\

day

Journey

trip

Habit \a.bi\

an article of clothing

Habit

routine

Car \kaʁ\

because

Car

automobile

Rester \ʁɛs.te\

to stay

Rest

relax

Pub \pyb\

advertisement

Pub

bar

 
 
 

 

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